What Is SQL Server And How Does It Work?




Today we see a very well and interconnected world through websites and apps. The main reason that we are able to see all these websites on the World Wide Web today is because most of the content generated on the sites can be handled through databases. On its own database management can be a very difficult job, but using the SQL programming language can help ease things a bit. Structured query Language or SQL is widely used for editing and querying information within different database management systems. Most individuals getting their ITSM training will be working with SQL on a regular basis.

SQL History

The humble beginnings of SQL date back to the 1970s, when IBM laboratories developed a breakthrough in database software known as “System R.” For the storing of data on System R, SQL was created. Initially known as SEQUEL, the name still sometimes used as an alternative pronunciation for SQL, but was later renamed to SQL.

In 1979, a company known as Relational Software was the first to realize the true potential of SQL and created its own modified version to release it under the name Oracle V2. Relational Software also changed its name to Oracle.

Now as the fourth decade after SQL’s creation, it has become a revered form of database management. It is mainly popular for its flexibility due to supporting distributed databases which means that databases can be distributed on several system networks at the same time. Certified by both ISO and ANSI, SQL is now considered the database query standard, which is being used to power some of the best database applications on the internet today.

SQL serves both the academic needs and the industrial level applications available today. Thos seeking SQL training for beginners can find it available through a lot of portals online and in the form of lab based classes. Today, SQL based applications are working both on corporate and individual servers. This is mainly due to the common use of open-source SQL database solutions like SQLite, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

SQL Standard

SQL standard has met a lot of changes along the years. These changes have added to the functionality of SQL based programs. These include

  • XML Support
  • Regular expression matching
  • Triggers
  • Recursive queries
  • Standardized sequences

Since the SQL standard is huge, most database solutions do not incorporate the entire standard as a whole. Most of the time it is up to the database designers to make the database behave the way they want, and this is the reason most of SQL databases do not have compatibility with each other.

SQL Language Elements

SQL Language is based on several different elements. For developers’ convenience, language commands in most database management systems are executed by a specific CLI (Command line interface).

  • Expressions – These can produce scalar values or tables, made up of rows and columns of data.
  • Clauses – These are the components of different queries and statements.
  • Queries – Queries can retrieve data based on the provided criteria, it is good to have an understanding of some o the most basic queries that a person will have to send when working in SQL.
  • Predicates – These specify conditions that are used to limit the effects of Queries and Statements or to change the flow of the entire program.
  • Statements – With statements, the data handler is able to control:
    • Program flow
    • Transactions
    • Sessions
    • Connections
    • Diagnostics

In database systems, SQL statements are used to generate queries from a client program to the database. This can allow the users to execute a wide range of fast data manipulation.

So to basically put it, SQL is the main language that allows your database servers to store and edit the data on it. With most companies using cloud databases and having a lot of their client information on these databases, individuals who have completed their ITSM training are required. Individuals who seek to make a career in the database management line would benefit a lot if they learn all about SQL and how they can help different organizations with their SQL needs.

About The Author
Shane
Manager Enrollment and Inside Sales at QuickStart

Shane Babar

Shane Babar is a sales guru with 8 years of experience in the tech industry. Having worked with IT Ops related products for such a long time, Shane has decided to contribute to QuickStart’s blog with topics specific to the commonly asked questions he comes across. When he is not working, he is busy in cooking and travelling. Bookmark our blog to see more helpful posts from Shane every week.